Sep

11

2013

Joe Carter|1:30 AM CT

9 Things You Should Know About the 9/11 Attack Aftermath

Today marks the twelfth anniversary of the worst terrorist attack ever on American soil. Here are nine things you should know about what happened in the aftermath of the events on September, 11 2001:

1. It took 99 days -- until December 19, 2001 -- for the fires at Ground Zero to be extinguished.

2. Cleanup at Ground Zero wasn't officially completed until May 30, 2002. It took 3.1 million hours of labor to clean up 1.8 million tons of debris at a total cost of cleanup of $750 million.

3. There were 20 people pulled from the rubble in the two days after the attack. On the day following the attacks, 11 people were rescued from the wreckage, including six firefighters and three police officers. Two Port Authority police officers were also rescued after spending nearly 24 hours beneath 30 feet of rubble.

4. The total number of 9/11 victim deaths rose to 2,752 in January 2009, when the New York City medical examiner's office ruled that Leon Heyward, who died the previous year of lymphoma and lung disease, was a homicide victim because he was caught in the toxic dust cloud just after the towers collapsed.

5. More than 1,000 people who have lived or worked near ground zero, including first responders, have been diagnosed with a cancer related to the attacks, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

6. Most of the steel from the World Trade Center wreckage was sent to New Jersey salvage yards where it was broken down and sent all over the world for reuse. Nearly 350,000 tons of the steel was sent to be reused in small and large scale tributes, including 7.5 tons for use in the navy battleship USS New York.

7. For the first time in history, all nonemergency civilian aircraft in the United States were grounded for three days. The lack of condensation trails (contrails) from jet aircraft caused the average temperature across the U.S. to rise by an average of 1.8 C.

8. A longitudinal study of 38 women who were pregnant on 9/11 and were either at or near the World Trade Centre at the time of the attack found that those who developed Post-traumatic Stress Disorde (PTSD) following exposure to the attacks had significantly lower cortisol levels in their saliva than those who were similarly exposed but did not develop PTSD. The children of women who were traumatized as a result of 9/11 subsequently exhibited an increased distress response when shown novel stimuli, suggesting that the effects of the trauma were passed on to the children prior to birth.

9. On September 13 a worker at the site, Frank Silecchia, discovered a 20 foot cross of two steel beams amongst the debris. The beams were dubbed the "Ground Zero Cross" and became a spiritual symbol for families of the victims and workers who cleaned up the debris.

 

Recent posts in this series:

9 Things You Should Know About Chemical Weapons

9 Things You Should Know About the March on Washington

9 (More) Things You Should Know About Duck Dynasty

9 Things You Should Know About Child Brides

9 Things You Should Know About Human Trafficking

9 Things You Should Know About the Scopes Monkey Trial

9 Things You Should Know About Social Media

9 Things You Should Know about John Calvin

9 Things You Should Know About Independence Day and the Declaration of Independence

9 Things You Should Know About the Supreme Court's Same-Sex Marriage Cases

9 Things You Should Know About the Bible

9 Things You Should Know About Fathers and Father's Day 

9 Things You Should Know About Mothers and Mother's Day

9 Things You Should Know About Human Cloning

9 Things You Should Know About Pornography and the Brain

9 Things You Should Know About Planned Parenthood

9 Things You Should Know About the Boston Marathon Bombing

9 Things You Should Know About Female Body Image Issues

9 Things You Should Know About the Gosnell Infanticide and Murder Trial

9 Things You Should Know About Edith Schaeffer

9 Things You Should Know About Duck Dynasty 

9 Things You Should Know About Holy Week

9 Things You Should Know About the Papacy

9 Things You Should Know About Pope Benedict XVI

9 Things You Should Know About Martin Luther King, Jr.

9 Things You Should Know About George Washington (and his Birthday)

9 Things You Should Know About Roe v. Wade

Joe Carter is an editor for The Gospel Coalition and the co-author of How to Argue Like Jesus: Learning Persuasion from History's Greatest Communicator. You can follow him on Twitter.

Categories: Articles of Interest
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  • http://amosaiclife.wordpress.com Emily

    Sobering and encouraging points on the aftermath of 9/11. I am a little disappointed though, that all memorials and tributes seem to be Ground Zero-centric. Nothing here mentions any of the heroic or tragic aftermaths of the Pentagon attack or the plane taken down in Pennsylvania. It saddens me that those two often seem overshadowed or forgotten, when they are just as poignant and real as the attack in NYC.

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  • http://boardgovernance.ca John

    If the lack of condensation trails from jet aircraft caused the average temperature across the U.S. to rise by an average of 1.8 C, what other impact have humans had on the weather and climate since the dawn of the industrial age? Am I missing something when the issue of climate change is so quickly dismissed by some many in the Christian community?

    • Joel

      John,
      You're right. Many people often don't talk about climate change with intelligent dialogue. It seems strange to me though that a rise in temperature for three is a significant thing to talk about in the aftermath of 9/11. The first reason I find it strange is that there may be a correlation, but I find it very hard to imagine that credible causation can be inferred. Second, the supposed effect lasted for only 3 days, that doesn't seem to be a significant thing we should know about the aftermath. Third, no reasonable arguments for climate change should use this as evidence. Fourth, why are we talking about climate change in an article about the 9/11 aftermath? What about foreign policy changes? What about spiritual revival in the hearts of Americans? What about immigration policies? But, climate change... It's a difficult conversation to have at best and the wrong conversation at worst.

    • http://theoldadam.com/ Steve Martin

      Christians aren't afraid of everything that the politicians say we ought be afraid of.

      The climate has been changing for a long time.

      We have much bigger fish to fry.

    • Mark

      John and others interested in the point about temperature rise: There is a mistake in the blog. If you read the linked report, you will see that there was an increase in the average daily temperature *range* for those 3 days, not the average temperature as mentioned in point #7. So, if the average difference b/t daily high and low temps is 10 degrees Celsius (18 degrees F), for those three says it was on average 11.8C (or about 21F).

      This is still interesting and significant re. human impact (per John's point), yet not as sensational as it would be if the blog was correct. As for the causality (that the increase in range was due to lack of contrails), this (according to the report) is an inference, but a good one, being that they had nearly 30 years of data to compare it with.

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  • Contrail

    I am a contrail, and I'm writing this. I make you cooler. Thank me.

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  • http://artievanwhy.com Artie Van why

    As a survivor of that morning, I found your list very moving and informative. Thank you.

  • Don

    A minor correction: USS New York is not a battleship, the Navy doesn't have any battleships in service today.

    • Tom

      The USS New York is an Landing Platform Dock with a crew of 360 and 700 Marines. It is a can of hurt waiting to be opened.

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