Monthly Archives: November 2006
What does it mean that we bear the image of God? The “default” answer of many Christians surrounds the difference between human beings and animals. Many Christians almost immediately assume that the “image of God” is what separates us from the animal kingdom, and thus our understanding of the image of God should come from our showing how we are different than animals.
While I do not doubt that “the image of God” is perhaps the most important feature of humanity that distinguishes us from animals, I find it hard to believe that the answer to this question lies in a simple contrasting of humans and animals. After all, Scripture says we are made in God’s image, which means this is more a question of how we mirror God than how we do not mirror animals.
There are three main ways for understanding the “image of God.” Some theologians believe it to be a substantive understanding, in that we mirror God’s attributes. Our nature models God’s nature. The second main understanding is functional. We discover what the “image of God” is by examining what human beings do. The third main understanding is relational. Our relationships with God and with others are a reflection of God’s inter-Trinitarian relationships and His love for humanity.
I believe that many scholars who have written on this subject have set up false antitheses. There is biblical support for each of the above views; therefore, we should seek to understand how the “image of God” in humanity is substantive, …
Today I’m beginning a series of posts (4 actually) on ”the image of God in humanity.” We will look at the issues of “Image and Likeness,” why we should begin with Jesus when seeking to understand the Image of God, how Jesus reflects God, and how the image of God is renewed in believers.
Although the Bible absolutely affirms humankind’s creation in the image and likeness of God, theologians through the centuries have puzzled over just what that affirmation means. Scripture offers us several clues, but remains surprisingly quiet on the matter. Since the inspired authors of Scripture did not lay out a systematic understanding of what it means to be made in God’s image and likeness, we must deduct from the relevant passages what this biblical doctrine means for us today.
Image and Likeness
The Bible first introduces the concept of the “image of God” as part of the creation narrative, in which the story of God’s special creation of Adam and Eve is told. God’s deliberation before the special creation of humanity is the context for the first saying. In Genesis 1:26-27, God says, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.” Two Hebrew words are used here: tselem for “image” and demut for “likeness.”
Some theologians have understood these two terms to mean there is a distinction between “image” and “likeness.” It is possible that there are major differences between “likeness” and “image,” but it is more likely that these are synonyms. The biblical text seems to use the terms interchangeably. James 3:9 …
It’s the most wonderful time of the year! Here’s a list of some of our favorite Christmas CDs. If you have some to add to this list, please do!
1. CHRISTMAS COLLECTION
The Carpenters’ Christmas Collection is a double-CD set that includes all of their Christmas music from the late 70′s, and early 80′s. There is nothing like Karen Carpenter’s warm voice on a cold wintery day and Richard Carpenter’s fantastic arrangements. I like these two CDs because each song leads into the next, as sort of a suite of Christmas music.
Highlights on these CDs: “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas,” the slowed down version of “Santa Claus is Coming to Town,” the awe-inspiring quietness of “Christ is Born,” and the fun “Sleigh Ride”
2. CHRISTMAS & CHRISTMASTIME
Michael W. Smith
Even if you’re not a big Michael W. Smith fan, you’ll probably enjoy his Christmas music. The first CD (from the 80′s) is arguably better than the second, but both are terrific. The orchestral sound and terrific original compositions make these two CDs classic. Highlights: “No Eye Has Seen” with vocals from Amy Grant, the boy choir on the spine-tingling “All is Well,” the revved up “Gloria,” and the instrumentals on Christmastime.
3. A CHRISTMAS STORY & WINTER WONDERLAND
Point of Grace
There’s just something about the harmonies of Point of Grace that go over great at Christmastime. Both of these CDs are terrific. Point of Grace follows the Carpenters’ formula and utilizes the “suite” mentality on the first CD, letting songs flow right into each …
This is the sixth in a series of posts on The Lord’s Prayer. Click here for previous posts.
“Give us this day our daily bread.”
- Jesus, The Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:11)
When the disciples heard Jesus mention “daily bread,” a festive banquet probably sprung to mind – that magnificent meal God had promised for His people, who would find their seats reserved at His table of abundance. Asking for daily bread signifies much more than food, yet according to Jesus, our needs should be part of our prayers. When we pray for our bread today, we are asserting our rights as God’s children, asking today for the benefits of sharing the table with God tomorrow.
We don’t have to hang our heads in shame when we unload our problems on God. Paul prayed that God would remove what he called a “thorn in the flesh,” but God instead told him that His strength was made perfect in Paul’s weakness. Hannah begged God for a child, hardly a request one would consider important for the Kingdom of God. Yet, He gave her Samuel, the prophet who would anoint King David, ancestor of the King of Kings.
Praying for God to fulfill our needs is perfectly acceptable, because God can use our neediness to further His kingdom. Our concerns and desires can play a big role in God’s universal plan of salvation. That’s why we must pray for needs beyond our own. We don’t exist in a bubble, demanding daily bread for ourselves without …
Man’s maker was made man,
that He, Ruler of the stars, might nurse at His mother’s breast;
that the Bread might hunger,
the Fountain thirst,
the Light sleep,
the Way be tired on its journey;
that the Truth might be accused of false witness,
the Teacher be beaten with whips,
the Foundation be suspended on wood;
that Strength might grow weak;
that the Healer might be wounded;
that Life might die.
- Augustine of Hippo (Sermons 191.1)
In the Southern Baptist Convention, the blogosphere is both promising and threatening. To have a voice in Convention life ten or fifteen years ago, you had to climb a ladder of committees, be in a prominent parachurch ministry, pastor a growing church, or be a seminary professor or author. Not today. Any Baptist with internet access can start a blog, publish their thoughts, cause controversy, and gather a following.
Blogs feed egos. The more brash, bold, arrogant you can be – the better. Of course, there are some really great, growing blogs that haven’t followed this path. But generally, arrogance and pride is the way to get a base of readers.
After visiting some different Baptist blogs and reading the self-righteous rhetoric and outright mockery of other believers, I feel compelled to ask: And who are you? What have you done for the Kingdom that gives you the right to criticize so heartlessly your brothers and sisters in Christ?
Furthermore, bloggers overestimate their importance. Last year, the SBC elected Frank Page as president, instead of Ronnie Floyd (the candidate endorsed by Paige Patterson and some of the other leaders of the Conservative Resurgence). The media reported that bloggers were crucial in the election.
But were we really that influential? I think not. Ultimately, Page was elected over Floyd because his church was more supportive of the Cooperative Program. The Southern Baptist pastors I have spoken with all said they voted for Page because they wanted to make a statement about the importance of the Cooperative Program. Not one …
As a former missionary to Romania who has experience with short-term mission teams, I can only give a hearty ”Amen” to this list of Ten Commandments for short-termers. There are teams that obey these laws and have great, effective ministries overseas. Other teams break all the commandments and their ministries suffer for it!
1. Thou shalt always remember that the primary function of a short-term team is to learn, and not to help.
2. Thou shalt always defer to the long-term missionaries, even when thou dost not agree with them.
3. Thou shalt surely leave all they agendas at home before thou arrivest on the mission field.
4. Thou shalt be prepared to spend large amounts of time doing nothing, for thus verily is the way of the mission field.
5. Thou shalt be careful to obey in all details, the security rules and advice of the project which thou visitest.
6. Thou shalt be both attentive and accurate in the communication with the mission base before they visit.
7. Thou shalt be careful to pay for all the expenses of thy visit.
8. Thou shalt take great care in thy giving and spending, lest thou appearest to be filthy rich.
9. Thou shalt be careful to respect the doctrinal and theological views of the project which thou visitest.
10. Thou shalt surely keep thy word in regards to follow-up activities.
(from Paul Cull, leader of Projeto Casa Esperanza in Brazil)
This is the fifth in a series on the Lord’s Prayer. Click here to see the previous posts.
“Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.”
- Jesus, The Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:10)
The first few phrases of The Lord’s Prayer teach us to pray to God on the grand scale. Pleading for God’s glorious Kingdom to break into our sin-soaked world can be exhilarating. Still, in case we would forget that God wants us to take part in His Kingdom work, Jesus adds that we should pray for God’s will to be done. Praying according to God’s will does not mean shrugging one’s shoulders, saying, “Well, whatever God wants.” Jesus does not teach us passivity in prayer – to simply stand by so God can do whatever He wants with or without us while we resign ourselves to fate.
What it means to pray in the will of God can be seen in other circumstances during Jesus’ life. Writhing in anguish in Gethsemane, Jesus begged that God would allow Him to be spared the suffering of the cross, yet He added, “Your will be done.” Jesus’ praying for God’s will to be done did not mean God must fulfill His plan some other way. He knew that God’s will would be done through Him! Thus, His praying for God’s will to be done meant that He was ready to step up to the plate, to be the one through whom God would carry out His plan.
Give us neither poverty nor riches.
Feed us with the food that is needful for us,
lest we be full and deny You and say, “Who is the Lord?”
or lest we be poor and steal and profane the name of our God.- Proverbs 30:8-9
- Prayer for the Week
“Avoid a sugared gospel as you would shun sugar of lead. Seek that gospel which rips up and tears and cuts and wounds and hacks and even kills, for that is the gospel that makes alive again.
“And when you have found it, give good heed to it. Let it enter into your inmost being. As the rain soaks into the ground, so pray the Lord to let his gospel soak into your soul.”
- Charles H. Spurgeon (48.538)